Barack Obama, in full Barack Hussein Obama II, (born August 4, 1961, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.), 44th president of the United States (2009-17), and the first African American to hold the office. Prior to winning the presidency, Obama represented Illinois in the U.S. Senate (2005-08). He was the third African American to be elected for that body since the finish of Reconstruction (1877). In 2009 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize “for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples.”
Barack Obama moved with his family to Indonesia in 1967, where he went to local Indonesian schools and received additional lessons from U.S. correspondence courses under his mom’s direction.
Barack Obama got back to Hawaii to live with his grandparents in 1971 and went to Punahou School, from which he graduated in 1979. Obama first attended Occidental College in Los Angeles, prior to moving to Columbia University, where he procured a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science in 1983.
Barack Obama’s Political Career
In 1996, Barack Obama was elected to the Illinois State Senate from the thirteenth district. As a State Senator, he filled in as Democratic Spokesperson for the Public Health and Welfare Committee and Co-Chairman of the Joint Committee on Administrative Rules, as well as being a member of the Judiciary and Revenue Committees. He likewise worked as a Senior Lecturer at the University of Chicago from 1996 until 2004, teaching three courses per year.
Barack Obama was elected for a second term in the Illinois State Senate in November 1998. In 2000, Obama made he previously run for the U.S. Congress when he sought the Democratic U.S. House seat in Illinois First District. He lost to incumbent Representative Bobby Rush by an edge of more than 2-to-1.
In July 2004, Barack Obama delivered the keynote address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention, held in Boston, Massachusetts. He was elected as the junior Senator from Illinois in November 2004. While filling in as U.S. Senator from Illinois, Obama finished his second book, The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream, published in October 2006.
On February 10, 2007, Barack Obama formally announced his candidacy for President of the United States. He acknowledged the Democratic Party’s nomination at Invesco Stadium in Denver, Colorado on August 28, 2008. On November 4, 2008, Obama turned into the first African-American to be elected President. He resigned his seat in the U.S. Senate on November 16, 2008.
Barack Obama was inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States on January 20, 2009.
President and Mrs. Obama got back to their lives as private citizens on January 20, 2017.
Works Published by Barack Obama
- Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance, 1995
- The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream, 2006
- Of Thee I Sing: A Letter to my Daughters, 2010