The Feast of Saint Januarius (La Festa di San Gennaro) is an annual public holiday in Naples, Italy on September 19. It honors the Catholic saint Januarius or San Gennaro.
St. Januarius was born in Italy and was bishop of Benevento during the Emperor Diocletian persecution. Bishop Januarius went to visit two deacons and two laymen in jail. He was then likewise imprisoned alongside his deacon and lector. They were tossed to the wild beasts, yet when the creatures didn’t attack them, they were decapitated.
What is believed to be Januarius’ blood is kept in Naples, as a relic. It liquifies and bubbles when uncovered in the cathedral. Researchers have not had the option to disclose this miracle to date. St. Januarius lived and died around 305 A.D. furthermore, his feast day is September 19th.
Feast of San Gennaro: History and Significance
San Gennaro, or St. Januarius was the bishop of Benevento and afterward Naples in the fourth century.
Gennaro helped Christians escape from persecution during the reign of Emperor Diocletian. While visiting an imprisoned Christian, he was arrested by the Romans. As per legend, he survived being thrown into a fiery furnace and afterward a den of wild beasts who would not eat him, yet he was eventually beheaded.
After his demise, Gennaro’s body was brought to Naples, alongside a vial containing some of his blood. Housed in the Cathedral of San Gennaro, the typically hardened blood is said to marvelously turn around to liquid on the anniversary of his demise every year – an event that has attracted groups to Naples since the liquid originally began its annual dissolving in 1389.
St. Januarius, or San Gennaro, the patron saint of Naples. As per the legend, he was bishop of Benevento and prospered towards the end of the third century. On the flare-up of the oppression by Diocletian and Maximian, he was taken to Nola and brought before Timotheus, governor of Campania, because of his profession of the Christian religion. After different attacks upon his constancy, he was condemned to be cast into the fiery furnace, through which he passed completely safe.
On the next day, alongside various individual martyrs, he was presented to the fury of wild beasts, which, in any case, laid themselves down in tame submission at his feet. Timotheus, again articulating sentence of death, was hit with visual impairment, however promptly healed by the incredible intercession of the saint, a marvel which changed over almost 5,000 men on the spot.
The dissatisfied judge just roused to assist rage by these events, caused the execution of Januarius by the sword to be forthwith completed. The body was at last eliminated by the occupants of Naples to that city, where the relic became well known for its marvels, particularly in counteracting the more risky ejections of Vesuvius. Whatever the troubles raised by his Acta, the cult of St. Januarius, bishop and martyr, is attested historically at Naples as early as the 5th century.
Since the time at least A.D. 1389, his dried blood, a strong mass inside a silver reliquary in the Cappella del Tesoro (Chapel of the Treasure) of the 13th c. Naples Cathedral (the “Duomo”), liquifies, and once in a while even “boils”; if it doesn’t, disaster is said to follow.
His blood is kept in two vials inside the reliquary which is topped by a crown and across. At the point when the Bishop takes the vial to the Altar that holds the Saint’s head, the individuals, who accumulate by the thousands, pray that the blood becomes liquid once again. If the officiant happens, the officiant announces, “Il miracolo é fatto!” and waves a white handkerchief. At that point, a Te Deum is sung and the reliquary is taken to the special stepped area rail so the dedicated can kiss the vial.
This marvel happens on the first Saturday before the first Sunday of May (and during the 8 days that follow), on his Feast (and during the octave of his Feast), and, here and there, on December 16.
Since he is the Patron Saint of Napoli, he is unforgettable toward the Southern Italian individuals, and in New York City, where there’s a huge Italian American populace, there’s an enormous San Gennaro celebration in Little Italy.
When St Januarius’ remaining parts were moved to the catacombs in Naples, the dried blood in the phials wonderfully melted. Since that first wonder, it’s said that St Januarius’ bottled blood melts a few times each year, and September 19th, his feast day and the anniversary of his martyrdom, is one of them.