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International Chess Day: Theme 2022, History and Significance, How to Play Chess and Game Rules



International Chess Day

International Chess Day is celebrated every year on July 20th, the day the International Chess Federation (FIDE) was established, in 1924. The plan to celebrate this day as international chess day was proposed by UNESCO, and it has been celebrated as such starting around 1966.

Basically, Chess is a board game played between two players head-to-head with 16 playing pieces each. 16 pieces incorporate eight pawns, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, one queen, and one king. The colors of these playing pieces are typically black and white, with both colors allocated to one player. The end objective of the game is to checkmate the opponent’s king, by means of a series of tactical moves.

The theme of World Chess Day (International Chess Day):

World Chess Day 2022 Theme: The objective of instructing chess everybody is the World Chess Day motto as opposed to a particular theme. Consistently, a similar theme is utilized to honor World Chess Day.

Though “Chess for Recovering Better” can be viewed as the theme of world chess day 2022 on the grounds that chess has encountered gigantic improvement since the COVID-19 pandemic broke out, with additional players than at any other time getting together to participate in chess competitions that are progressively being held through internet platforms.

International Chess Day History

The International Chess Federation(FIDE) which was the primary global governing body for the game of chess was laid out on 20th July 1924 in Paris. And afterward, the FIDE chose to celebrate ‘International Chess Day’ on its anniversary in 1966. And afterward the first ‘International Chess Day’ was seen in 1966 by all the chess players and devotees all over the world.

Anyway, the United Nations General Assembly at long last officially acknowledged ‘World Chess Day’ as a global event on 12th December 2019, and from that point forward it is presently a UN perceived recognition.

The Rules of Chess

Chess is a centuries-old game that has fascinated individuals everywhere. It is an extremely convoluted game, and it very well may be played by two individuals on a chessboard, or between computers.

As a general rule, the object of the game is to move your pieces around the board and catch your opponent’s pieces. You can likewise block your opponent’s pieces from moving or set them in positions where they can’t take additional actions.

There is a wide range of types of chess, including international chess, which is the kind of chess played in competitive matches. International chess is played with a standard board and standard pieces (pawns, bishops, knights, and queens).

There are various standards governing how every player ought to move their pieces, and these rules vary from one country to another. For instance, in international chess, it is viewed as lawful to push your ruler two squares ahead if it could save your lord from being caught. In any case, this rule isn’t viewed as legal in a few different countries.

Instructions to Play Chess Game:

Chess Game Setup:

There are two sets of chess pieces, each in a distinct color. The sets are constantly referred to as “white” and “black,” despite the fact that they may not really be those colors. White and Black, respectively, are the names of the players in the two sets.

Each set has 16 pieces: a king, a queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights, and eight pawns. Chess sets arrive in a wide scope of designs, however, the Staunton pattern is picked for competitive play. Eight rows (called ranks) and eight columns (called files) are on the square board that is utilized to play the game.

There are 64 squares that substitute colors and are alluded to as light and dark squares by the convention. In the picture, you can perceive how the pieces are organized. The pieces in White’s most memorable rank are set from left to right as follows: rook, knight, bishop, queen, king, bishop, knight, rook. In the subsequent rank, there are eight pawns. The black position mirrors the white position, with a comparable piece on the two files. It is least demanding to recall where the king and queen ought to be by saying”queen on her own color,” i.e., the white queen ought to start on a light square, while the black queen ought, to begin with, a dark square.

Movement of Chess Pieces:

Following White’s turn, every player takes a turn moving one piece, except for the casting, which includes moving two pieces. The opponent’s piece is caught and taken out from play when a piece is moved to either an empty square or one where it is involved by another player’s piece.

Despite the fact that moving is disadvantageous, a player may not skip a turn. Every component moves in a special manner.

Any piece, excluding the pawn, can catch an enemy piece in the event that it is arranged on a square to which they would be able to move in the event that the space was empty.

The King can move one square in any direction. Likewise, castling is an extraordinary move that includes moving a rook alongside the king. At the point when the king is attacked, it should be countered right away, and in the event that this is not possible, the game finishes right away (see Check and checkmate below).

It is feasible for a Rook to move through quite a few squares along a rank or file, yet getting around different pieces isn’t permitted. A rook likewise partakes in the king’s casting and moves alongside the king.

A Bishop can go as many squares diagonally as they pick, however they can’t jump around different pieces.

A Queen can travel anyway many squares along a rank, file, or diagonal and possesses similar strength as a rook and a bishop. Notwithstanding, she can’t jump around different pieces.

During a Knight’s turn, he moves to any square that isn’t in his rank, file, or diagonal. Along these lines, an “L” is framed: two squares vertically and one horizontally, or two squares horizontally and one vertically. A knight can jump over some other piece in the game.

Contingent upon the position, Pawns might progress to the following unoccupied square inside their file or can move two squares along a similar file on their first move. By continuing from the diagonally neighboring squares, a pawn can catch an opponent’s piece. While progressing along a solitary file, it can’t catch a piece. En passant catch and advancement are two unique actions accessible to pawns.

Check and Checkmate in Chess Game:

A king is viewed as within proper limits in the event that a quick danger is available. Provided that it puts the ruler in an unrestrained position does a move because of a check become valid. The going after piece should be a queen, rook, or bishop, and there should be a square among it and the king to interpose a piece between the really taking a look at a piece and the king. On the other hand, the king might be moved to a square where it isn’t enduring an attack. A check can’t be replied to by casting long.

The objective of the game is to checkmate your opponent, which happens when your opponent’s king is within proper limits and can’t be taken out by any legal means. A move that puts or eliminates a player’s own king from the check is rarely allowed. In spite of the fact that it is standard in easygoing games to declare “check” while putting the opposing king under pressure, this isn’t needed under chess’s rules and isn’t regularly finished in contests.

Promotion in Chess Game:

A pawn is advanced and should be traded for the player’s decision of a queen, rook, bishop, or knight of similar color when it moves to its eighth rank as a part of the move. The pawn is normally decided to be elevated to the queen rank, notwithstanding, underpromotion can happen when one more piece is picked all things considered.

It is feasible to have more pieces of a similar kind than at the game’s start in light of the fact that the piece advanced has no limitations. Inverted rooks are occasionally utilized instead of required pieces when they are not available, although this isn’t allowed in games that are sanctioned by FIDE.

En passant in Chess Game :

When a pawn moves two squares from its starting position, in the event that the opponent’s pawn is on the square right close to the destination square on an opposite file, it can catch the pawn en passant (“in passing”) by moving to the square the pawn over.

This may just be finished on the turn that immediately follows the opposing pawn’s two-square advance; in any case, the opportunity is forfeited.

Castling in Chess Game:

Castling is a move that every king can make once per game.

To the palace, the king should be moved two squares toward a rook of a similar color in a similar rank, and afterward, the rook should be put on the square that the king traversed.

If the conditions listed below are fulfilled, projecting is allowed:

  • The king and the rook have not yet moved anytime in the game.
  • The king and rook are isolated by no pieces.
  • The king isn’t under check, and he can’t move anytime in the game.
  • The king and rook are isolated by no pieces.

The king isn’t under check, and he can’t travel through or land on any squares that an opposing piece is endeavoring to occupy.

In the event that the rook is being attacked or crosses an adversary square, projecting is as yet permitted.

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