World Water Monitoring Day 2020: Why is Water Conservation and Water Quality Monitoring Important?
World Water Monitoring Day is celebrated every year on September 18 to instruct individuals about the world over the significance of monitoring water quality.
The day was built up in 2003 by America’s Clean Water Foundation (ACWF) as a global educational outreach program. The program along these lines named the “World Water Monitoring Challenge” and “EarthEcho Water Challenge,” intends to raise public awareness and contribution in protecting water resources around the globe by enabling residents to do essential monitoring of their nearby water bodies.
Water is a valuable commodity and the premise of food and life. Conserving water ought to be a lifestyle and not something we consider once in 365 days. All of us rely upon the water, it ought to be one of our responsibility to conserve water all around we can.
There are more than 30 nations that have been confronting a lack of water. The nation is thickly populated and its demand surpasses the natural supply.
On the World Water Monitoring Day, here is the reason we have to conserve water.
Why is Water Conservation is Important?
- Our water supply is restricted, which implies that we don’t have a limitless supply. We just have the water that we have now.
- 97% of all the water on the earth is saltwater and subsequently, it isn’t suitable for drinking.
- Just 3% of all the water is freshwater.
- Out of that 3% freshwater, just a 1% is accessible for drinking.
- The other 2% is sealed in glaciers.
- We have a thick populace and since all of us depend on that 1% water for their survival, it ought to be one of our duties to conserve and preserve water.
- Saving water helps in preserving our environment. It decreases the vitality needed to process and deliver water, which helps in diminishing pollution and in conserving fuel resources.
- Saving water will make water accessible later on.
- It helps in building superior protection against future dry season years.
- We use water for some, other and significant reasons like creation electricity, cleaning, cooking, irrigating, and so on.
- We have to conserve water with the goal that our trees and plants can have life.
- It is additionally required for the survival of some endangered species.
Why is Water Quality Monitoring Important?
At the point when we turn on the tap and fill up a glass, go for a dip in the sea, or fry up a newly gotten fish from the local lake, the vast majority of us granted that these are altogether protected activities. Actually, in the background, researchers work energetically to guarantee that the quality of the world’s most significant resource is as high as possible. From lakes and streams to coastal waters and estuaries, water quality monitoring is a basic practice did in nations over the globe.
So why is monitoring the quality of water so significant? With the World Water Assessment Program detailing that every day an amazing 2,000,000 tons of human waste is disposed into watercourses, monitoring quality is basic! At its core, the practice serves five significant needs.
- Results are used to pinpoint any progressions or trends that show up in water bodies over some time. These can be short of long term advancements.
- Regularly monitoring water quality is a significant part of recognizing any current issues or any issues that could arise later on. For instance, information has been used to uncover that over the past few years, increments in fertilizers used for food production had expanded global nitrogen pollution in rivers by up to 20%.
- When designing and developing pollution prevention and management strategies information gathered from water quality monitoring efforts is tremendously useful. With 70% of untreated industrial waste unloaded straight into water systems, pollution management is an absolute necessity.
- Today governments, communities, and organizations are needed to meet a scope of water quality goals. Monitoring information is used to decide if pollution guidelines are being conformed to.
- From oil spills and radiation leaks to floods and mass erosion, water quality monitoring information is an absolute necessity when creating crisis procedures.
How is water monitoring done?
Water quality monitoring information is staggeringly helpful anyway it’s not in every case simple to accumulate. Authorities use a range of various procedures to assemble results, including taking samples of chemical conditions, analyzing sediments, and using fish tissue extracts to discover traces of metals, oils, pesticides, dissolved oxygen, and nutrients. Physical conditions, for example, temperature, erosion, and stream offer significant knowledge while biological measurements concerning plant and animal life show the health of aquatic ecosystems.
Toward the day’s end, water quality monitoring is a fundamental part of keeping the planet healthy and sustainable. As we keep on building urban areas, clear land for farming, and make other man-made changes to the natural environment, water quality monitoring becomes progressively significant. Land-based activities can hugely affect water systems and we must understand how these influence waterbodies, both above and below ground.