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Day of Republika Srpska: History and Significance of the day

Day of Republika Srpska is the national holiday of Republika Srpska on January 9 declared unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Its unofficial patron saint is Saint Archdeacon Stephen, which falls around the same time as St. Stephen’s Day.

Bosnia and Herzegovina consist of two entities: the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The entity includes the greater part of the Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina-populated bits of Bosnia and Herzegovina located in the north and east of the nation.

Formed in 1992 at the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia, Republika Srpska, following the Dayton Accords, accomplished international recognition as part of a federal Bosnia and Herzegovina.

On January 9, 1992, in Sarajevo, the unconstitutional Assembly of the Serbian individuals in Bosnia and Herzegovina gave the Declaration of the announcement of the Republic of Serbian people of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republika srpskoga naroda Bosne i Hercegovine), with the fundamental objective of withdrawing from Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, these days Bosnia and Herzegovina. The republic has been declared on the regions of Serb Autonomous Regions, including the zones where Serbs were comprising a minority.

What’s more, January 9 is Republic Day in the Republika Srpska. During its long history, Bosnia and Herzegovina was a part of the Ottoman Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia. 1991 was the year when Yugoslavia began to separate. On January 9, 1992, the Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was set up and later in August 1992 changed its name to the Republika Srpska.

The most significant of the entity holidays is the Day of Republika Srpska, which recognizes the foundation of Republika Srpska on 9 January 1992. This day corresponds with St. Stephen’s Day as per the Julian calendar. The Orthodox Serbs regard St. Stephen as the patron saint of their republic and frequently consider this day the Slava of Republika Srpska.

To the extent this holiday likewise has a religious dimension, it is celebrated with extraordinary services in Serbian Orthodox churches. Republika Srpska doesn’t perceive the Independence Day of Bosnia and Herzegovina on 1 March.

Today, Republika Srpska keeps a parliamentary-style government with the National Assembly holding legislative force within the entity. Republika Srpska is generally unified, even though it is split into second-level administrative units—municipalities, or opštine—of which there are 64. The legislature holds 83 seats, and the current session is the 9th since its establishment.

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