Jaan Kross – Google Doodle celebrates Estonian poet and author’s 100th birthday
Google Doodle observes Estonian poet and author Jaan Kross’ 100th birthday celebration on February 19, 2020. He was nominated a few times for the Nobel Prize in Literature during the mid-1990s.
Born in the capital city of Tallinn February 19 in 1920, Jaan Kross learned at Jakob Westholm Grammar School, and went to the University of Tartu From 1938 to 1945 and graduated from its School of Law and eventually became an assistant professor of international law.
In 1946, in the same way as other of his intellectual comrades, Jaan Kross unexpectedly caught the attention of Soviet security attention and was sent to Siberia. All through this eight-year exile, Jaan Kross composed various poems and interpreted published pieces, sowing the seeds for his later achievement. He taught there as a lecturer until 1946, and again as Professor of Artes Liberales in 1998.
At first, Jaan Kross composed poetry, implying a few contemporary phenomena under the appearance of writing about historical figures. In any case, he soon moved over to composing prose, a genre that was to become his essential one.
During the 1970s, Jaan Kross started to compose historical fiction to mask his political analysis. “Kolme katku vahel” (“Between Three Plagues,” 1970) and “Keisri hull” (“The Czar’s Madman,” 1978) are frequently viewed as his masterworks, with the last selling more than 30,000 copies. These novels feature themes of censorship and state-led suppression and served to encourage a sense of solidarity among Europe’s Soviet Bloc journalists.
Jaan Kross was by a long shot the most translated and nationally and internationally most popular Estonian author. He was nominated a few times for the Nobel Prize in Literature during the mid-1990s, and was named a People’s Writer of the Estonian SSR in 1985; he got the State Prize of the Estonian SSR in 1977. He likewise held a few privileged doctorates and international decorations, including the highest Estonian order and one of the highest German orders. In 1999 he was awarded the Baltic Assembly Prize for Literature.
In 1990, Jaan Kross won the Prix du Meilleur Livre Étranger, France’s foreign book award, for “Keisri hull,” as well as the Amnesty International Golden Flame Prize. In 1992, Jaan Kross helped draft Estonia’s new constitution following their freedom from the Soviet Union.
Broadly thought to be one of the country’s most internationally perceived and translated writers, Jaan Kross’s work was critical in lighting up the real factors of Soviet occupation in Eastern Europe.
Jaan Kross died in Tallinn, at 87 years old, on 27 December 2007. He is survived by his wife, children’s writer and poet Ellen Niit, and four kids. The President of Estonia (at that time), Toomas Hendrik Ilves, applauded Jaan Kross “as a preserver of the Estonian language and culture.”
On February 19, 2020, Google Doodle was shown by Tallinn, Estonia-based visitor artist Mirjam Laater with aim of individuals will be helped to take up some to remember Jaan Kross’ books, maybe return to some old top picks. Be inspired by life with every one of its choices, make their stories.