Google Doodle celebrates the 117th birthday of French novelist Marguerite Yourcenar on 8 June 2020.
Who was Marguerite Yourcenar
Yourcenar was born Marguerite Antoinette Jeanne Marie Ghislaine Cleenewerck de Crayencour in Brussels, Belgium on 8 June 1903. Her mom died ten days after her birth. She experienced childhood in the home of her paternal grandmother.
Marguerite Yourcenar moved to Paris as a kid with her dad, who shunned public education for private coaches, books, and museums. In 1921, she published her first book of poetry, assuming the pen name “Yourcenar,” a close anagram of her surname “Crayencour.”, having one fewer c – as a pen name; in 1947 she additionally accepting it as her legitimate surname.
Marguerite Yourcenar was a French novelist and writer born in Brussels, Belgium, who became a US citizen in 1947. Winner of the Prix Femina and the Erasmus Prize, she was the first woman elected to the Académie française, in 1980, and the 17th individual to involve seat 3.
Marguerite Yourcenar’s first novel, Alexis, was published in 1929. Considered one of the primary prominent openly lesbian essayists, Marguerite Yourcenar got crucial approval for her first novella, “Alexis”, which revolved around a title character who comes out as gay to his wife.
During the ’30s, Marguerite Yourcenar traveled Europe during a bohemian artistic scene, however with the outbreak of World War II, she settled in the United States with her long-lasting partner and translator, Grace Frick.
Marguerite Yourcenar translated Virginia Woolf’s The Waves over a 10-month time frame in 1937. In 1939, her partner at that time, the literary scholar and Kansas City native Grace Frick, welcomed Yourcenar to the United States to get away from the flare-up of World War II in Europe. She lectured in relative literature in New York City and Sarah Lawrence College.
Marguerite Yourcenar was bisexual; she and Frick became lovers in 1937 and stayed together until Frick’s demise in 1979 and a tormented relationship with Jerry Wilson. After ten years spent in Hartford, Connecticut, they purchased a house in Northeast Harbor, Maine, on Mount Desert Island, where they lived for decades. They are buried close by one another at Brookside Cemetery, Mount Desert, Maine.
Marguerite Yourcenar finished “Mémoires d’Hadrien” (“Memoirs of Hadrian”), a fictionalized record of the titular Roman ruler that is broadly viewed as her masterpiece. In 1951, she published, in France, the novel Memoirs of Hadrian, which she had been writing on-and-off for a decade. The novel was a quick achievement and met with incredible crucial approval.
In this novel, Marguerite Yourcenar reproduced the life and demise of one of the incredible rulers of the antiquated world, the Roman ruler Hadrian, who composes a long letter to Marcus Aurelius, the son and heir of Antoninus Pius, his successor, and adoptive son. The Emperor thinks about his past, depicting the two his triumphs and his failures, his love for Antinous, and his philosophy. The novel has gotten a modern classic.
Marguerite Yourcenar was honored with numerous accolades, including two Prix Femina (“Femina Prizes”), as well as the Grand Prix de Littérature (Grand Prize for Literature) awarded in 1977 by the Académie Française, which she historically joined three years after the fact.
In 1980, Marguerite Yourcenar was the first female member elected to the Académie française. A story recounts how the bathroom names were then changed in this male-dominated institution: “Messieurs|Marguerite Yourcenar” (Gents/Marguerite Yourcenar). She published numerous novels, essays, and poems, as well as three volumes of memoirs.
Marguerite Yourcenar’s home on Mount Desert Island, Petite Plaisance, is currently a museum devoted to her memory. She is buried across the sound in Somesville, Maine.
On 8 June 2020, Google Doodle, delineated by London-based visitor artist Marguerite Dumans, praises Marguerite Yourcenar, broadly respected for her masterful use of historical settings to investigate modern issues and universal themes.