Google animated Doodle celebrates the 162nd birthday of French post-Impressionist artist Georges Seurat, who is most popular for contriving the painting techniques referred to as chromoluminarism as well as pointillism, on December 2, 2021.
Who was Georges Seurat?
Georges Pierre Seurat was born on 2 December 1859 in Paris, at 60 rue de Bondy (now rue René Boulanger). He was a painter, founder of the 19th century French school of Neo-Impressionism whose procedure for depicting the play of light using tiny brushstrokes of differentiating colors became known as Pointillism.
Georges Seurat first studied art at the École Municipale de Sculpture et Dessin, close to his family’s home in the avenue Magenta, which was controlled by the sculptor Justin Lequien.
In 1878, Georges Seurat moved on to the École des Beaux-Arts where he was taught by Henri Lehmann, and followed a conventional academic training, drawing from casts of antique sculpture and replicating drawings by old masters.
Seurat’s studies brought about a very much considered and rich theory of contrasts: a theory to which all his work was from there on oppressed. His formal artistic education reached a conclusion in November 1879, when he left the École des Beaux-Arts for a year of military service.
Georges Seurat fostered an interest with the science behind art during his studies, yet soon became embittered academic tradition. He dug into the scientific study of color theory and optical physics to foster a unique style he begat “chromo-luminarism,” later known as Pointillism or Divisionism.
After a year at the Brest Military Academy, Georges Seurat got back to Paris where he shared a studio to his companion Aman-Jean, while additionally renting a small apartment at 16 rue de Chabrol. For the following two years, he worked at becoming the best at monochrome drawing.
Georges Seurat’s first exhibited work, displayed at the Salon, of 1883, was a Conté crayon drawing of Aman-Jean. He additionally studied the works of Eugène Delacroix cautiously, making notes on his utilization of color.
Georges Seurat spent 1883 working on his first significant painting—a huge canvas named Bathers at Asnières, a stupendous work showing youngsters relaxing by the Seine in a working-class suburb of Paris.
In summer 1884, Seurat started work on A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte. It is presently in the permanent collection of the Art Institute of Chicago.
Georges Seurat made a few studies for the enormous painting including a more modest version, Study for A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (1884–1885), presently in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York City.
After many drafts on small boards, a meeting with a 100-year-old chemist, and years of experimentation, Georges Seurat completed the painting generally viewed as his masterpiece at just 26, “A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte — 1884,” an epitome of the Pointillist technique reproduced in Google Doodle artwork.
When seen from the proper distance, the mural-sized painting tricks the onlooker into seeing more than 200,000 small brushstrokes and dabs of contrasting color on its canvas as a gleaming, strong scene of an island in the Seine outside of Paris..
Georges Seurat’s fixation on color theory has incited some art historians to guess that his procedures were impacted by the environmental impacts of the volcanic eruptions that made some of the most colorful sunsets recorded during the 1800s.
Albeit the specific motivations for his artistic innovations stay easy to refute, Seurat an affects the visual culture. His amazing work has enlivened incalculable artists across disciplines, a Broadway musical, and has even been included in a blockbuster film.
From 1883 until his death, Georges Seurat exhibited his work at the Salon, the Salon des Indépendants, Les XX in Brussels, the eighth Impressionist exhibition, and different different exhibitions in France and abroad.
Georges Seurat died in Paris in his parents’ home on 29 March 1891 at 31 years old.
On December 2, 2021, Google featured an animated Doodle on its homepage for celebrating Georges Seurat’s 162nd Birthday.