Today’s Google Doodle celebrates and was made utilizing Batik, a procedure for decorating fabric using wax and pigment to make complex, colorful patterns. Batik artisans cover fabric with a wax design, include dye, lastly evacuate the wax to uncover the pattern underneath. Repeating the procedure with various colored dyes can make intricate, multi-layered designs to adorn textiles and clothing.
What is Batik Day?
Batik Day (Hari Batik Nasional) is an Indonesian cultural day for celebrating batik — the conventional cloth of Indonesia. It is celebrated on October 2 and marks the anniversary of when UNESCO perceived batik as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2009. On the day, in Jakarta, the map of Indonesian batik diversity by Hokky Situngkir was opened for the public for the first time by the Indonesian Ministry of Research and Technology. The Indonesian government firmly encourage Indonesian individuals (particularly government authorities, workers of state-owned enterprises, and students) to wear batik every year on the holiday and on Fridays to recognize the day. Wearing batik every Friday has additionally been encouraged in privately-owned companies.
Batik is a traditional Indonesian cloth that has establishes in the nation’s historical work of art. In celebration of their culture, Indonesians dress head-to-toe in batik for the holiday. Presently, Batik Day is celebrated over various platforms everywhere throughout the world. Especially, in Indonesian associations ranging from Universities, church groups, and communities all around the globe. These Indonesian associations, for the most part, celebrate Batik Day too so as to make awareness of Indonesia’s traditional fabric to different cultures.
Why Indonesian celebrates National Batik Day?
Since batik is perceived by UNESCO as an Indonesian cultural contribution to the world, Indonesians saw it as motivation to celebrate this traditional fabric and the garments produced using it. It began from the meeting from the UNESCO Jakarta team on the journey of how batik came to be incorporated in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) for Humanity and the incredible significance and pride it provides for some Indonesian individuals. Various batik artisans from Borobudur and Klaten, Central Java, likewise participated in the festival and sketched out how Batik has now become a significant source of livelihood improvement for them and their communities in the region. The group from Klaten shared inspiring stories on how they developed from ‘zero to hero’. Their story accepts them from being employed as laborers on a low compensation for a batik factory to building up their very own participation of 169 ladies who have reasonably had the option to expand their pay by tenfold.
Indonesia has been known for its Batik since the fourth or fifth century, and it has been said that Indonesian batik dye techniques and designs are as varied as its islands. The designs and colors fluctuate as per the towns and ethnic groups that have spread out in various islands.
In Java, batik fabric historically lent itself naturally to fashion, art, and culture, since cotton and beeswax were promptly accessible. Explicit patterns and colors came to be related to well-known families, or to bring health or favorable luck. Individuals from the Javanese royal court made exquisite batik prints utilizing finely woven textiles imported from Europe and India. Indonesian craftspeople demonstrated to be ingenious with batik strategies, advancing procedures, for example, woodblock printing.
Batik has been both an art and craft for centuries and is part of an old custom. The word batik is derived from the Javanese word ‘amba’, signifies ‘to write’, the suffix ‘titik’ signifies little dot or to make dots. In a manuscript on a lontar leaf originating from around 1520 AD which was found in Galuh, Southern Cirebon (West Java), it is composed that batik additionally signifies ‘seratan,’ which in Javanese signifies ‘writing.’
Eventually, batik came to be known as the fabric of Indonesia. For those in Indonesia today, this would be a decent time to wear your best batik apparel out of appreciation for this conventional work of art and the talented artisans who make it.
Happy National Batik Day, Indonesia!