Iqbal Bano’s 81st birthday is celebrated by Google Doodle on December 28th in 2019. Iqbal Bano was Pakistani renowned singer popular for singing ghazal and nazm, forms of lyrical Urdu poetry.
Who was Iqbal Bano?
Iqbal Bano was born on this day in 1935 in Delhi, British India. Her family was initially from Rohtak, Punjab, India. From a young age, she built up a love for music. Her dad allowed her to study music.
Iqbal Bano (Urdu: اِقبال بانو), Pride of Performance Award in 1974, was an exceptionally acclaimed Ghazal singer from Pakistan. She was most popular for her semi-classical Urdu ghazal melodies and classical thumris yet additionally sang simple listening numbers during the 1950s movies. Iqbal Bano’s ideal and most famous work incorporates her singing of the ghazals of the great Urdu poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz.
In Delhi, Iqbal Bano learned music and singing from Ustad Sabri Khan of the Delhi Gharana, a specialist in all kinds of pure classical and light classical forms of vocal music. Bano contemplated with Ustad Chand Khan, a master of classical Indian vocals, and started singing on All India Radio as a teenager. Bano is additionally often eminently associated with her defiant performance of protest poetry by the exiled Nobel-nominee Faiz Ahmed Faiz.
Ustad Chaand Khan alluded her to All India Radio, Delhi, where Iqbal Bano sang on the radio. Iqbal Bano began her career from Radio Pakistan Lahore in 1950.
In 1952, aged 17, Iqbal Bano moved to Pakistan and wedded a man who pledged to help her musical career, permitting her incredible opportunity for a female artist at the time. She sang on Radio Pakistan, gave vocals as a playback singer for popular movies, and pulled in enormous groups to her live concerts.
Iqbal Bano moved to Multan with her husband who promised her that he could never attempt to prevent her from singing, however, she would prefer to support and promote her. She had become a ‘singing star’ by the 1950s, singing soundtrack songs for popular Pakistani Urdu films like Gumnaam (1954), Qatil (1955), Inteqaam (1955), Sarfarosh (1956), Ishq-e-Laila (1957), and Nagin (1959).
Iqbal Bano sang in both Urdu and Farsi, gaining admirers in Iran and Afghanistan, as well as India and Pakistan. An ordinary performer at the Jashn-e-Kabul cultural festival in Kabul, her incredible vocals once inspired King Zahir Shah of Afghanistan to give her a golden vase. In 1974, she was granted the Presidential Award for the Pride of Performance by the Pakistani Government for her exceptional accomplishments in classical music.
In 1977, President Zia ul-Haq seized power and forced military law, carefully censored the press, and suspended political parties in Pakistan. The next year, Iqbal Bano’s favorite poet, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, composed a poem critical of the authoritarian ruler which Bano intensely sang before a horde of 50,000 at a Lahore stadium in 1985. At the same time, she was wearing a black sari—a traditional ladies’ garment disallowed by the government. Even though Iqbal Bano was formally prohibited from singing live or on TV, Bano attracted a cult following, and her message and voice are as yet heard right up ’til the present time as a symbol for revolution.
On December 28, 2019, Google celebrated Iqbal Bano’s 81st birthday (as born in 1938) with a Google Doodle delineated by Karachi-based visitor artist Samya Arif.