The Old New Year or the Orthodox New Year falls on January 14 in the Gregorian calendar. Orthodox New Year is celebrated by Orthodox churches in Russia, Serbia, and other Eastern European nations on January 14. Albeit most nations have received the Gregorian calendar, where New Year’s Day is January 1, the Orthodox Church still follows the Julian calendar, which places Christmas on January 7 and New Year’s seven days after the fact.
The Old New Year or the Orthodox New Year is an informal traditional holiday, celebrated as the beginning of the New Year by the Julian calendar. In the 20th and 21st centuries, the Old New Year falls on January 14 in the Gregorian calendar. That day is celebrated in India as the sun ends its southward journey and starts moving northward: Thai Pongal.
This traditional dating of the New Year is sometimes ordinarily called “Orthodox” because it beholds back to when governments in Russia and Eastern Europe used the Julian Calendar, which is as yet used by certain jurisdictions of the Orthodox Church. The Orthodox Church’s liturgical year starts in September.
Orthodox New Year History
On 1 January 45 BC, the Romans embraced a new calendar that had been proposed by Julius Caesar. This ‘Julian calendar’ was a critical enhancement for the older system which just had 355 days per year. Be that as it may, regardless it caused an issue as the 365 day years were rectified by a leap year of 366 days every fourth year. This implied the calendar increased three days every four centuries.
To improve the calendar, the Gregorian calendar was presented in the 16th century, eventually supplanting the Julian calendar in many nations. At the point when the change was made, the calendars must be adjusted by evacuating 12 days.
In any case, the Julian calendar is as yet used by parts of the Orthodox Church, which is the reason Orthodox New Year is celebrated on 14th January. This is likewise why, it may be alluded to, to some degree confusingly as Old New Year.
Even though the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic formally adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1918, the Russian Orthodox Church kept on utilizing the Julian calendar. The New Year became a holiday that is celebrated by the two calendars.
The Old New Year is usually called the Serbian New Year, and sometimes the Orthodox New Year and infrequently Julian New Year. The Serbian Orthodox Church, with traditional adherence in Serbia (including Kosovo), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Croatia, praises its feasts and holidays as per the Julian calendar.
The holiday in North Macedonia is known as Old New Year or as Vasilica. Late on January 13, individuals accumulate outside their homes, in the center of their neighborhoods where they start a tremendous bonfire and drink and eat together.
How to celebrate Orthodox New Year?
Numerous Orthodox Christians who observe the New Year’s Day date from the Julian calendar may go through the day reflecting the earlier year and consider significant resolutions for the New Year. Numerous individuals celebrate the day with family or companions to welcome the New Year. Exercises may incorporate fireworks, huge meals, and music entertainment.
A few churches hold Orthodox New Year events, for example, parties or dinners. The individuals who go to these events may pray for the New Year and toast their beverages. A few churches host gala dinners to raise funds for charitable causes or church building restorations.