The United Nations’ (UN) World Population Day is an annual event, celebrated on July 11 that tries to raise awareness of global population issues, for example, the significance of family planning, gender equality, poverty, maternal health, and human rights. It supports activities, events, and data to help make this right a reality all through the world.
There has been a fast increment in the world population in the course of the most recent few decades and continuous population development can offer ascent to numerous different issues. Subsequently, to expand individuals’ awareness about reaffirming the human right to plan for a family World Population Day is observed every year.
As indicated by the United Nations organization, in 2011, the global population arrived at the 7 billion marks, and today, it remains at about 7.7 billion, and in 2030 it’s required to develop to around 8.5 billion, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.9 billion in 2100.
World Population Day 2020: Date
World Population Day is an annual event, saw on July 11th to feature the issues of overpopulation and raises awareness about the impacts of overpopulation on the environment and development.
The first World Population Day was signed on 11 July 1989 and today in 2020 the World will regard its 31st Population Day.
World Population Day: History
The day came to success in 1989 when it was built up by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Program. It was motivated by the public interest for Five Billion Day on July 11, 1987, the approximate date on which the world’s population reached five billion individuals. The United Nations General Assembly decided to keep observing the day through its resolution on 45/216 of December 1990.
The day was proposed by Dr. K.C.Zachariah in which population arrives at Five Billion when he worked as Sr Demographer at World Bank.
World Population Day: Significance
The day is significant because it features the issues of overpopulation, raises awareness of the impacts of overpopulation on the environment, and improvement. It additionally discusses the health issues looked by childbearing women and the significance of family planning, gender equality, poverty, maternal health, and human rights.
World Population Day 2020 Theme
Every year there is a particular theme for World Population Day and the theme of World Population Day 2020 during the pandemic is “How to safeguard the health and rights of women and girls now.”
The slogan this year depends on defending the health and rights of women and girls around the globe particularly during the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. A recent UNFPA research featured that if the lockdown proceeds for a half year, and there is a significant disturbance to health services, at that point 47 million women in low and middle-income nations probably won’t approach current contraceptives. This would thusly prompt 7 million unintended pregnancies. Aside from that, it could see an ascent in gender-based violence, female genital mutilation, and child marriages.
World Population Day 2020 and COVID-19
As individuals over the globe fight with the novel coronavirus pandemic, World Population Day this year focuses on different difficulties – health, economic and social. The COVID-19 emergency has not saved any nation, rich or poor.
World Population Day 2020 spotlights on different difficulties – health, economic, and social – that individuals over the world are looking during the COVID-19 pandemic. “Human rights can’t be quarantined,” said the United Nations body, working on global population issues, in front of World Population Day. Reproductive health, family planning, and mental health – among different issues – have taken a backseat as medical resources have been extended because of the pandemic.
The pandemic has influenced both the rich and the poor however a few people are progressively vulnerable as community-based services have been interfered with. Internationally gender-based violence has expanded amid the lockdowns. The National Commission for Women in India detailed a colossal ascent in the number of complaints of domestic violence. There have been numerous examples where pregnant ladies have not had the option to arrive at health care centers for safe delivery.
An investigation by the UNFPA says, “47 million women in low- and middle-income countries may not be able to access modern contraceptives” when lockdown-like disturbances occur. Women are additionally hit more diligently financially because of the COVID-19 emergency. Around 60 percent of women over the world gain their living by working in the casual area, as indicated by the report.
The pandemic has affected the mental health of individuals, among all segments of the general public, in each nation. Living in social isolation, keeping in touch with anybody, and staying inside for broadened periods have not been simple. Added to this is the huge economic effect of businesses falling and work misfortunes.