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Interesting Facts about L.L. Zamenhof



Interesting Facts about LL Zamenhof

Zamenhof Day is seen on 15 December by clients of Esperanto out of appreciation for Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (LL Zamenhof), ophthalmologist, linguist, and the maker of the international language Esperanto. On December 15, 2020, LL Zamenhof’s 161st birthday.

Here is a look at the life and work of Polish ophthalmologist LL Zamenhof.


  • Birthname: Eliezer Levi Zamenhof
  • Penname: Dr. Esperanto
  • Birthdate: 15 December 1859
  • Birthplace: Belostok, Belostok Oblast, Russian Empire (now Białystok, Poland)
  • Died on: 14 April 1917 (aged 57)
  • Death place: Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland
  • Burial place: Jewish Cemetery, Warsaw
  • Mother name: Rozalia Zamenhof
  • Father name: Markus Zamenhof
  • Spouse: Klara (Silbernik) Zamenhof
  • Children: Adam, Zofia, and Lidia
  • Nationality: Polish
  • Famous as: Eye doctor, linguist, scholar
  • Known for: Creator of Esperanto
  • Notable work: Fundamento de Esperanto
  • Notable awards: Commander of the Order of Isabella the Catholic

30 Interesting Facts about LL Zamenhof

  1. LL Zamenhof was a Polish ophthalmologist, etymologist, and the maker of the international language Esperanto, the most generally used built international auxiliary language in the world.
  1. Zamenhof was born on 15 December 1859, the son of Markus Zamenhof and Rozalia (Sofer) Zamenhof, in the multi-ethnic city of Belostok in the Russian Empire (presently Białystok in Poland).
  1. L. L. Zamenhof families name Zamenhof. L. L. Zamenhof academices degree doctorate. L. L. Zamenhof was an individual from lk. L. L. Zamenhof lived in Warsaw. L. L. Zamenhof lived in Moscow. L. L. Zamenhof lived in Białystok. L. L. Zamenhof lived in Grodno. L. L. Zamenhof was supposed to be equivalent to Doktoro Esperanto.
  1. LL Zamenhof learned German, French, and Hebrew from his dad. He additionally communicated in some significant languages of Białystok: Polish, Yiddish, Belarusian, and German.
  1. Polish became the native language of his children in Warsaw.
  1. In school, he studied the classical languages Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic. He later learned some English, however in his own words not quite well.
  1. LL Zamenhof had a premium in Lithuanian and Italian and educated Volapük when it turned out in 1880. By that point, his international language project was at that point all around created.
  1. As a student at secondary school in Warsaw, Zamenhof attempted to make an international language with a grammar that was rich, however complex.
  1. At the point when he later studied English, he decided that the international language should have a simpler grammar.
  1. Aside from his parents’ native languages Russian and Yiddish and his embraced language Polish, his projects were likewise supported by his mastery of German, a decent latent comprehension of Latin, Hebrew, and French, and essential information on Greek, English, and Italian. By 1878, his project Lingwe uniwersala was done.
  1. Not long after graduation he started to study medicine, first in Moscow, and later in Warsaw. In 1885, LL Zamenhof graduated from a university and started his training as a doctor in Veisiejai.
  1. After 1886, LL Zamenhof worked as an ophthalmologist in Płock and Vienna. While recuperating individuals there, he kept on work on his project of an international language.
  1. Zamenhof at first called his language “Lingvo internacia” (international language), however, the individuals who learned it started to call it Esperanto after his pseudonym, which before long turned into the official name for the language.
  1. In 1879, LL Zamenhof composed the first grammar of Yiddish. It was somewhat published years after the fact in the Yiddish magazine Lebn un visnshaft. The total original Russian text of this manuscript was just published in 1982.
  1. In 1882, a wave of pogroms within the Russian Empire, including Congress Poland, inspired Zamenhof to participate in the early Zionist development, the Hibbat Zion.
  1. In 1887, he wedded Klara Silbernik and raised three children, Adam Zamenhof; Lidia Zamenhof and Zofia Zamenhof. Every one of the three were killed in The Holocaust.
  1. LL Zamenhof left the movement in 1887, and in 1901 published a proclamation in Russian with the title Hillelism, in which he contended that the Zionist project couldn’t solve the issues of the Jewish public.
  1. In 1905, Zamenhof got the Légion d’honneur for making Esperanto. In 1910, Zamenhof was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
  1. On the event of the 5th Universala Kongreso de Esperanto in Barcelona, Zamenhof was made a Commander of the Order of Isabella the Catholic by King Alfonso XIII of Spain.
  1. L. L. Zamenhof given name Lejzor. L. L. Zamenhof given name Lazarus. L. L. Zamenhof given name Ludwik. L. L. Zamenhof was a member of World Esperanto Congress 1913. L. L. Zamenhof was a member of World Esperanto Congress 1912. L. L. Zamenhof was a member of World Esperanto Congress 1910.
  1. LL Zamenhof died in Warsaw on 14 April 1917, potentially of a heart attack, and was buried at the Okopowa Street Jewish Cemetery.
  1. Zamenhof came from and lived an especially multilingual life. His name is/was differently transcribed, contingent upon the language.
  1. The minor planet 1462 Zamenhof is named in his honor. It was found on 6 February 1938, by Yrjö Väisälä. Several city streets, streets, parks, and bridges worldwide have likewise been named after Zamenhof.
  1. In Lithuania, the most popular Zamenhof Street is in Kaunas, where he lived and possessed a house for quite a while. There are others in Poland, the United Kingdom, France, Hungary, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Spain (generally in Catalonia), Italy, Israel, Belgium, and Brazil.
  1. There are Zamenhof Hills in Hungary and Brazil, and a Zamenhof Island in the Danube.
  1. LL Zamenhof is honored as a divinity by the Japanese religion Oomoto, which empowers the utilization of Esperanto among its devotees. Additionally, a family of lichen has been named Zamenhofia in his honor.
  1. As Dr. Zamenhof was born on 15 December 1859, the Esperanto Society of New York assembles each December to observe Zamenhofa Tago (Zamenhof Day in Esperanto).
  1. The place of the Zamenhof family, dedicated to Ludwik Zamenhof, and the Białystok Esperanto Center, are sites of the Jewish Heritage Trail in Białystok, which was opened in June 2008 by volunteers at The University of Białystok Foundation.
  1. His birthday, 15 December, is praised annually as Zamenhof Day by clients of Esperanto. On 15 December 2009, Esperanto’s green-featured flag flew on the Google homepage to recognize Zamenhof’s 150th birthday.
  1. Esperanto is as yet being used today by an expected least of 100,000 individuals, and maybe upwards of two million. It has its own flag, and its online learning platform gets as much as 200,00 hits every month. If you noodle around on the web, you will discover jokes in Esperanto, tongue-twisters in Esperanto.
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