Google Doodle celebrates 75th Italy Republic Day (Festa Della Repubblica), the Italian National Day, and Republic Day, on June 2, 2021.
The day celebrates the institutional referendum held by universal suffrage in 1946, in which the Italian public was called to the polls to decide on the form of government following the Second World War and the fall of Fascism.
The ceremony of the event, organized in Rome, incorporates the deposition of a laurel wreath as a tribute to the Unknown Soldier at the Altare Della Patria by the President of the Italian Republic and a military parade along Via dei Fori Imperiali in Rome.
Italy Republic Day History
Italy became a country on March 17th, 1861, when the vast majority of the states of the region and the two Sicilies were joined under King Victor Emmanuel II until now king of Sardinia.
The father of Italian unification was Count Camillo Benso di Cavour, the Chief Minister of Victor Emmanuel.
Rome remained under the standard of the Papacy for almost 10 years and became part of the Kingdom of Italy on September 20th, 1870. This is the final date of Italian unification.
On June 2nd, 1946, a referendum on the monarchy prompted the establishment of the Italian republic, and Italy received a new constitution on January 1st, 1948. Male members of the royal family were sent into exile as a result of their relationship with the fascist regime and were just permitted to get back to their country in 2002.
Italy’s constitution currently forbids a monarchy to ever rule once more
In 1977, the national holiday was moved to the first Sunday in June, for economic reasons to keep away from the holiday negatively affecting working hours. It remained on the Sunday until 1999 when June 2nd was made the official date.
How is Italy Republic Day Celebrated?
On Republic Day, Italy’s president lays a wreath on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the Altare Della Patria in Rome. This is followed by an enormous military parade along Via dei Fori Imperiali.
A feature of the day is the flyover by the Frecce Tricolori when nine Italian Air Force aircraft soar overhead the parade sending streaks of green, white, and red smoke into the sky.
Every year, June 2 is remembered with official ceremonies, speeches, concerts, and parades across the country, with a trademark military parade celebration occurring in the capital city of Rome that is broadcast worldwide and can be delighted in by all.
Celebrations occur at Italian government offices all around the world also, characterized by flag hoisting, painting faces red, green, and white, and going on Italian picnics. Another feature of the day is the flyover by the Frecce Tricolori.
On June 2nd, public offices, schools, and many shops are closed.
Every one of the Italian Armed Forces, all the police forces of the Republic, the Vigili del Fuoco, the Protezione Civile, and the Italian Red Cross partake in the military parade. The military parade was incorporated for the first time in the protocol of official celebrations in 1950.
The military parade likewise incorporates some military delegations from the United Nations, NATO, the European Union, and delegates of multinational departments with an Italian component.
To express national pride, a giant Italian flag is mounted on the Roman Colosseum, the world’s biggest surviving old amphitheater. The Italian flag is portrayed in the present Google Doodle and highlights three vertical stripes of red, white, and green, procuring its nickname as the Tricolore.