Lammas Day 2020: What is Loaf Mass? When and how is it celebrated?
Lammas Day (Anglo-Saxon hlaf-mas, “loaf-mass”), otherwise called Loaf Mass Day, is a Christian harvest holiday celebrated in some English-speaking countries in the Northern Hemisphere on 1 August.
It is a holiday that is praised by certain individuals in various English-speaking nations which incorporate England, Ireland, Scotland, and the United States. Contingent upon whether the day is celebrated as a Christian holiday or as a pagan holiday, it can either be used to praise the coming harvest or in celebration of the god Lugh – the master of skills.
When is Lammas?
Lammas falls toward the start of August every year between the summer solstice and autumn equinox.
It used to consistently be held on August 1 yet has as of late changed to being held on the Sunday nearest to the first.
What is Lammas?
Lammas day – or ‘loaf mass’ – is traditionally when individuals celebrate the first wheat harvest in England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, and is the prominent as the first harvest festival (however a lot sooner than the harvest celebration which is in September) of the season.
The name starts from “loaf” regarding bread and “Mass” concerning the essential Christian liturgy celebrating Holy Communion. It is a celebration in the liturgical kalendar to mark the blessing of the First Fruits of harvest, with a loaf of bread being brought to the church for this reason.
Grains that are harvested at Lammas time incorporate, wheat, grain, oats, rye as well as the plants’ meadowsweet, mint, sunflower, and Calendula.
The celebration’s roots go back to Anglo Saxon times when the celebration was alluded to as the ‘feast of first fruits’. It likewise denotes the finish of the hay harvesting season.
Lammas Day is ordinarily around the start of August and matches when tenant farmers would have introduced the first crop harvest to their landowner.
On Loaf Mass Day, it is standard to bring to a Christian church a loaf produced using the new crop, which started to be harvested at Lammastide, which falls at the midpoint between the summer solstice and pre-winter September equinox. Christians additionally have church parades to bakeries, where those working in that are honored by Christian ministry.
Lammas has agreed with the feast of St. Diminish in Chains, remembering St. Diminish’s wonderful liberation from jail, however in the ritualistic change of 1969, the feast of St. Alphonsus Liguori was moved right up ’til today, the day of St. Alphonsus’ demise.
While Loaf Mass Day is traditionally a Christian holy day, Lughnasadh is commended by Neopagans around a similar time.
How people celebrate Lammas and what is Lammas bread?
Generally, the townspeople would take a loaf of bread into the church that was made with the first crop.
This loaf was then honored and, as indicated by Anglo Saxon tradition, broken into four pieces with every one of the pieces set at the corner of a barn to ensure the recently harvested grain.
Lammas bread was frequently made in shapes including wheat, owls, figures of the ‘corn god’, and others.
Other symbolic offerings incorporate Lammas charms, for example, a ‘besom’ (a bundle of twigs), green Lammas ribbons and sprigs of mint.