Who was Simón Bolívar? Why is Simon Bolivar Day celebrated?
Simón Bolívar’s Day is a national public holiday in Venezuela, celebrated on July 24th every year on the birthday of “The Liberator”, Simon Bolivar, who liberated both Venezuela and a lot of northern and western South America from Spanish rule.
Who was Simón Bolívar?
Simón Bolívar was one of the most significant leaders of Spanish America’s successful battle for independence.
His complete name is Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios Ponte-Andrade y Blanco. He is often referred as a hero.
He is attributed with contributing decisively to the independence of the present-day nations of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Panama, and Bolivia.
Simón Bolívar was born on July 24, 1783. So this day is celebrated as Simon Bolivar Day.
He was born into a powerful and rich family, however, both his parents passed on before he was ten, and Bolivar was set under the direction of a few tutors, the most persuasive being Don Simón Rodríguez, who became his teacher and taught in Bolivar the thoughts of liberty, enlightenment, and freedom. At the point when Bolivar was 14, Rodríguez needed to leave the nation and Bolivar joined a military academy. At the point when he was 16, Bolívar was sent to Europe to finish his education.
Simón Bolívar lived in Spain and wedded the girl of a Spanish nobleman in 1802. He at that point came back to Caracas with his young bride, who died less than a year later from Yellow fever. He at that point traveled Europe for a few years, in any event, meeting Napoleon Bonaparte whose accomplishment at the time dazzled Bolivar.
On his arrival to Caracas, he found a region that had begun to embrace the idea of independence from colonial rule. In 1810, he joined a group of patriots that briefly held onto Caracas and declared independence from Spain.
In 1813, Simón Bolívar was provided an order of a patriot army and he started an effective military crusade – recovering Caracas from the Spaniards. He was soon compelled to withdraw to New Granada (presently Colombia), which was additionally at war with Spain. Taking responsibility for a Colombian armed force he captured Bogota in 1814. The battle for Colombia (presently Ecuador, Colombia, Panama, and Venezuela) proceeded until 1819. After the military triumph, he led the congress that organized the original republic of Colombia and Bolivar became its first president on December 17th, 1819.
Simón Bolívar at that point started his campaigns to liberate Venezuela and Ecuador. He freed Peru in 1824 and 1825, Upper Peru became a different state named in his honor – Bolivia. Bolivia’s constitution, which he drew up for, is viewed as one of his most significant political declarations.
Over the continent, Bolivar was hailed as ‘El Libertador’ – the Liberator.
While Simón Bolívar was viewed by numerous individuals as a great leader, his perspectives, notably that of a federation of Latin American republics, caused resentment among other political leaders. In 1828, he barely kept away from an assassination attempt and in 1830, Bolivar resigned his presidency. He passed on from tuberculosis towards the finish of that year.
Simón Bolívar likewise freed New Granada (present-day Panama and Colombia), Quito (Ecuador), Peru, and Bolivia. He was the first President of Gran Colombia (the state included the domains of present-day Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, and Ecuador), the first President of Bolivia and the sixth President of Peru.
Simon Bolivar’s political heritage has been gigantic and he is a significant figure in South American political history.
What is Simón Bolívar Day?
Simón Bolívar was an exceptionally influential Venezuelan statesman and military leader during the Latin American Wars of Independence. His birthday is annually honored in Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, and Bolivia on July 24. The holiday is known as Simón Bolívar Day.
Simón Bolívar was born on July 24, 1783, in Caracas. He got European education and in 1805 he visited the USA. There he plotted the battle of South American colonies for independence from Spain. The first nation, that proclaimed independence with his help, was Venezuela. In 1813 he was announced by the National Congress as El Libertador (The Liberator).
Simón Bolívar Day is a public holiday in Venezuela. Additionally, this day is celebrated as a national holiday in different nations of Latin America. This Day is an official holiday in Ecuador and Venezuela.