Revolution Day in Egypt falls on July 23rd every year and celebrates the anniversary of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 which prompted the declaration of the modern Republic of Egypt, finishing the period of the Kingdom of Egypt.
The public holiday celebrated in Egypt to honor the military coup of July 23, 1952, that prompted the finish of the government and the foundation of an independent republic.
Annual celebrations denoting the Revolution started on the previous evening, as the evening of 22 July, 1952 was the point at which the Free Officers Movement led by Muhammad Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser initiated the military coup d’état that propelled the Revolution, and eventually prompted the abdication of King Farouk (the penultimate King of Egypt and Sudan). The public holiday itself is characterized by enormous and elaborate celebrations, incorporating broadcast concerts with intensely nationalistic themes, and military parades.
Revolution Day July 23: History and Significance
The Kingdom of Egypt, governed by the Muhammad Ali Dynasty, was built up in 1922 after Britain The Kingdom of Egypt, ruled by the Muhammad Ali Dynasty, was established in 1922 after Britain granted independence to Egypt.
There had been developing discontent with the rule of King Farouk as Egypt with still observed as not completely independent from British control and Farouk was accused by some as the reason that Egypt lost the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
The coup was completed by a surreptitious group called the Free Officers, led by Gen. Mohammad Naguib. The group of previous armed forces officials had been built up by Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1949 to plan a coup against the government of King Farouk. They successfully overthrew the ruler in 1952 and installed a more democratic government noted for the foundation of significant land changes that tried to recuperate the land to poor people.
The Revolution got its standards from the estimations of the Egyptian individuals, for example, social equity, rejection of alliance policy, the Non-Alignment Movement (NAM) led by Egypt, independence of national decision, and building a strong army. Every one of these qualities embodied the standards of the Revolution and are in certainty the values of the Egyptian individuals borne in the national conscience all through the delayed course of the battle.
The revolution occurred completely overnight. On the morning of July 23, the Free Officers took over fundamental government offices, utilities, and media stations, and declared the difference in government to the Egyptian individuals. The coup was very much coordinated and highly successful on account of Colonel al-Nasser’s planning. He and General Neguib forced King Farouk I to surrender on July 26.
General Neguib became the first President, and Nasser became the Minister of the Interior, taking over the presidency in 1954.
How is Revolution Day July 23 celebrated?
The public holiday is praised with military parades and broadcast concerts. To authoritatively honor the day, the Egyptian president issues a public statement applauding the revolution.
Celebrations start on the evening of 22 July as it was the evening before 23 July 1952 that the military coup d’état started.
Egypt has two Revolution Day public holidays. Revolution Day January 25 denotes the beginning of the revolution in 2011 that prompted the resignation of General Mubarak.