World Alzheimer’s Day happens on 21 September and is essential for World Alzheimer’s Month to raise awareness about Alzheimer’s disease and Dementia. The theme for World Alzheimer’s Month in 2020 is ‘Let’s talk about dementia’.
About 4.5 million Americans have Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Except if a cure or prevention for the disease is discovered, this number is relied upon to increment as the populace ages. While the disease can happen in individuals in their 30s and 40s, it is generally common among older people: around one of every 10 people 65 years old and older and almost 50% of those 85 years old and older grow AD. Over 70 percent of those experiencing AD live at home, where most of their consideration (75 percent) is given by loved ones. The direct and indirect financial toll of Alzheimer’s disease in the United States is estimated to be at least $100 billion per year; a lot of these costs add up to more than $5.2 billion yearly.
What is Alzheimer’s disease?
Alzheimer’s disease is a serious, progressive degenerative disease of the brain. It is the most well-known type of dementia. AD, however, isn’t simply memory loss. It is additionally a decrease in the ability to think and comprehend. Resulting changes in personality are joined by the ability to work. The type, severity, sequence, and movement of the psychological changes differ generally among people. While it most regularly influences older people, Alzheimer’s disease isn’t a part of normal aging.
Dementia brought about by these conditions is commonly permanent and progressive, which means it can’t be switched and it deteriorates after some time. Dementia that is brought about by depression, medication side effects, and thyroid issues can be turned around with treatment.
What are the symptoms/warning signs of Alzheimer’s disease?
Symptoms/warning signs of Alzheimer’s disease may include the following:
- memory loss or unexplained confusion that meddles with day by day activities
- trouble in performing recognizable errands and tasks
- issues talking, understanding, reading or writing
- overlooking words or substituting wrong words
- disorientation to time and place (e.g., losing all sense of direction in recognizable environmental factors)
- poor or diminished judgment (e.g., wearing a winter coat on a hot summer day)
- issues with abstract thinking (e.g., trouble balancing a checkbook)
- losing things in inappropriate places (e.g., placing the iron in the freezer)
- changes in mood or behavior (e.g., fast mood swings for no obvious explanation or reviling)
- intense changes in personality (e.g., suspiciousness)
- absence of interest and participation in normal activities
If a few of these symptoms/warning signs are available, the individual ought to be evaluated by a doctor. Frequently, the early symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, which incorporate distraction and loss of concentration, are erroneously excused as expected signs of aging.
Do women have a more serious risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease?
Age is the most significant realized risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease. This implies the longer individuals live, the more probable they are to build up the disease. Since ladies have longer life expectancies than men, they have a higher lifetime risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
7 Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease
Stage 1: No Impairment.
Stage 2: Very Mild Decline.
Stage 3: Mild Decline.
Stage 4: Moderate Decline.
Stage 5: Moderately Severe Decline.
Stage 6: Severe Decline.
Stages 7: Very Severe Decline.
Why is an early diagnosis necessary?
It is critical to decide the genuine reason for the cognitive (mental process including memory and judgment) symptoms. The symptoms may not be brought about by Alzheimer’s disease. Numerous causes, for example, depression, drug interaction, thyroid issues, and vitamin deficiencies, are reversible whenever recognized early and treated appropriately.
Early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease can build the opportunity of likely advantages from approved meds. It likewise permits the individual with AD to take an interest in health care, financial and legal decisions.
Is there any treatment for Alzheimer’s disease?
There is right now no remedy for Alzheimer’s disease. For certain individuals in the right on time to center phases of the disease, new medications may give restricted cognitive symptom relief. In any case, behavioral symptom management without the use of meds is suggested because there is an expanded danger of intensifying dementia and other adverse impacts. Intercessions incorporate family instruction and counseling, modification of the environment, and planned activities.
An individual with Alzheimer’s ought to be under a doctor’s consideration and may see a neurologist, psychiatrist, family doctor, internist, or geriatrician (a master who treats older grown-ups). The doctor can treat the individual’s physical and behavioral issues and answer the numerous inquiries that the individual or the family may have.
What is the prognosis for somebody with Alzheimer’s disease?
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disease. An individual with Alzheimer’s disease carries on with a normal of eight years and upwards of 20 years or more from the beginning of symptoms. The most widely recognized reason for death for people with AD is an infection.
Is research on Alzheimer’s disease being finished?
Disease research is examining the cause, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the disease as well as searching for approaches to improve care. Except if a cure or prevention is discovered, an expected 14 million Americans will be stricken with Alzheimer’s disease by 2050. Since 1985, the Alzheimer’s Disease Research Fund, which is supported by contributions made by overall taxpayers through their annual income tax returns, has supported 136 research projects.