World Brain Tumor Day 2020 is seen on June 8, which likewise concurs with World Ocean Day. The day was started by the German Brain Tumor Association (GBTA), which is called as Deutsche Hirntumorhilfe in German, to spread awareness about this lethal condition and to guarantee its early diagnosis. The association offers help to the brain tumor patients and their relatives other than giving facilities to researchers and health professionals for effective treatment. This day is celebrated globally as a tribute to brain tumor patients and their families.
A malignant brain tumor is normal in Germany as over 8,000 individuals experience the ill effects of these diseases just in Germany. Over 500 new cases are diagnosed to have a brain tumor every day around the world. The number of patients with tumors that cause brain metastases is much higher than that. This is the most widely recognized type of cancer among children.
What is a Brain Tumor?
As per specialists and doctors, a Brain tumor is a disorder where the brain cells multiply anomalous. These tumors can either be malignant (cancerous) or it could be non-cancerous(benign). The reviewing of the tumor from 1 to 4 relies on the location and how quickly the cells multiply and spread to other vital organs. It can start in any part of your brains like membranes, cranial nerves, pituitary gland, or pineal gland.
On the off chance that you have a family history of brain tumors or have experienced any treatment that includes exposure to radiation, your danger of the condition goes up naturally.
Types of Brain Tumor:
Primary Brain Tumor:
Primary brain tumors begin in the brain. They can create from:
- Brain cells
- The membranes that encompass your brain, which is called meninges
- Nerve cells
Secondary Brain Tumor:
Secondary brain tumors lead to most of the brain cancers. They start in one part of the body and spread to the brain. The following can spread to the brain:
- Breast cancer
- Kidney cancer
- Lung cancer
- Skin cancer
Symptoms of a Brain Tumor:
Even though the symptoms of a brain tumor rely upon the size of the tumor and the location of the tumor, yet some fundamental symptoms are related to a brain tumor. Symptoms including extreme incessant headaches, unexplained nausea or vomiting, loss of sensation or movement in limbs, trouble with balance, vision issues including blurred vision, double vision or loss of vision, speech difficulties, as well as unexplained seizures.
- Lack of control in movements
- Memory Loss
- Changes in personality
- Loss of balance
- Loss of coordination
- Difficulty concentrating
- Tingling or stiffness on one side of the body
- Difficulty communicating as usual
- Muscle weakness
- Anxiety or depression
- Feeling confused or disorientated
Causes of Brain Tumor:
Specialists are uncertain regarding what causes brain tumors. Be that as it may, Ionizing radiation from high dose x-rays (for instance, radiation therapy focused on the head) harm cells in the brain. This may make a tumor form. Even though this isn’t innate, in uncommon cases, it might run in the family. Numerous specialists speculate that the use of mobile phones may likewise up your hazard. Be that as it may, this isn’t proven at this point. Different causes might be presented to specific chemicals or head injury.
Analysts accept that exposure to specific chemicals and radiation and a family history of brain tumors are the fundamental causes of the condition. Be that as it may, the apt cause isn’t known at this point.
Warning Signs Of A Brain Tumor
A brain tumor is not quite the same as a tumor in some other part of the body. The brain is a small organ and a tumor there has restricted space for development. As it develops, it can press against nerves and push against significant areas of the brain that controls numerous things in your body. The symptoms will rely upon the size of the tumor size, type, and location. It might in some cases likewise block the fluid that flows through the brain. This causes swelling on account of fluid buildup in the brain.
Diagnosis of Brain Tumor:
The brain tumor is diagnosed by using procedures like MRI and CT scan, Angiogram, Neurologic test as well as by Spinal tap.
- MRI Spectroscopy
- Functional MRI
- Perfusion MRI
- Neurological Examination
- Cerebral Angiogram
- PET Scan