Google Doodle celebrates a style of modern South Vietnamese folk opera Cải Lương (generally “reformed theater”) on September 28, 2020.
What is Cải Lương?
A mix of traditional and contemporary influences. It combines southern Vietnamese folk songs, classical music, hát tuồng (a classical theatre form dependent on Chinese opera), and modern spoken drama. cải lương consolidates opera with spoken drama to make a vibrant expression of Vietnamese culture and identity.
Cải lương began in Southern Vietnam in the mid 20th century and boomed during the 1930s as a theatre of the middle class during the nation’s French colonial period. Cải lương is currently promoted as a national theatrical form. Dissimilar to the other folk forms, it kept on demonstrating popular with the masses as late as the 1970s and the 1980s, even though it is currently in decrease.
Cải lương can be contrasted with such a play with the additional aspect of Vọng cổ. This term truly signifies “nostalgia”, it is an extraordinary kind of singing with the background music often being the đàn tranh zither or the đàn ghi-ta (Vietnamized guitar). In a typical cải lương play, the actresses and actors would use a mix of standard spoken dialogue and vọng cổ to communicate their thoughts and feelings.
Cải lương ordinarily features/acclaims Vietnamese moral values. There are mostly two types of cải lương: cải lương tuồng cổ (old) and cải lương xã hội (modern).
In Cải lương tuồng cổ, Hồ Quảng a sort of Chinese opera might be blended. Subsequently, some Cải lương tuồng cổ might be called Cải lương Hồ Quảng, which is more similar to a musical.
One of the most famous cải lương productions is “Tiếng Trống Mê Linh,” which interprets generally to “The Drum Sound of Mê Linh.” The historical play tells the true story of Trưng Trắc and Trưng Nhị, two sisters who helped lead the battle for Vietnamese independence from the Chinese Han Dynasty in the first century. A classic of the art form, “Tiếng Trống Mê Linh” has been arranged by numerous individuals of Vietnam’s top cải lương performers since it initially appeared in 1977.
Cải lương tuồng cổ can be characterized by wonderful, elaborate costumes containing excellent and colorful dress pieces; enormous, lovely glittery hairpieces; elaborate warrior armor; and elaborate warrior headpieces.