Self-driving (autonomous) cars with Automated Lane Keeping Systems (ALKS) are set to be legal on UK streets before the end of 2021, the British government has affirmed. The British government is the first country to declare that it would permit the use of self-driving sedans at slow speeds on motorways, with the first such vehicles conceivably showing up on public streets early this year.
The Transport Ministry said on it was working on explicit wording to update the country’s highway code for the safe use of self-driving vehicle systems, beginning with Automated Lane Keeping Systems (ALKS) – which use sensors and software to keep cars within a lane, permitting them to speed up and brake without driver input.
The UK’s Department of Transport stated vehicles with automated lane-keeping systems (ALKS) would be the first in the country to be authorized for hands-free driving at speeds up to 60km/h (37mph).
The ministry forecasts by 2035 around 40% of new cars have self-driving capacities, making up to 38,000 new skilled jobs.
The transition to permit vehicles with autonomous driving capacities to drive lawfully on British streets was affirmed by the UK’s Transport Minister, Rachel Maclean MP.
“The automotive industry welcomes this vital step to permit the use of automated vehicles on UK roads, which will put Britain in the vanguard of road safety and automotive technology,” Mike Hawes, CEO of car industry lobby group the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders, said in a statement.
In any case, insurance companies warn that Britain’s objective of being a leader in adopting self-driving cars could backfire except if automakers and regulators explain the current limitations of the technology accessible today.
They say calling ALKS ‘automated,’ or using the synonymous term ‘self-driving, will confuse British drivers into deduction the vehicles can drive themselves, causing accidents and risking a public backlash against the technology.
“ALKS as currently proposed by the government are not automated,” said Matthew Avery, director of research at Thatcham Research. “They are assisted driving systems as they rely on the driver to take back control.
“Aside from the lack of technical capabilities, by calling ALKS automated our concern also is that the UK Government is contributing to the confusion and frequent misuse of assisted driving systems that have unfortunately already led to many tragic deaths,” said Matthew Avery, research director at Thatcham Research, which has tested ALKS systems.
“Consumers will expect the car to do the job of a driver, which current models can’t do.”
The threats of drivers clearly misunderstanding the restrictions of technology has been an issue in the United States, where regulators are looking into around 20 accidents including Tesla Inc’s driver assistance tools, like its ‘Autopilot’ system.
“This is a major step for the safe use of self-driving vehicles in the UK, making future journeys greener, easier, and more reliable while also helping the nation to build back better,” said Ms. Maclean.
“But we must ensure that this exciting new tech is deployed safely, which is why we are consulting on what the rules to enable this should look like.”
The current proposal, which could become effective before the year’s over, stringently mandates vehicles with ALKS, working related to adaptive cruise control, must be driven hands-free on Britain’s network of motorways and only then at speeds up to 60km/h. At the point when traffic is backed up, in other words.
Vehicles with that functionality would generally fall into the Level Three category.
Ms. Maclean implied that the speed limit could be expanded to 70mph (112km/h) at a future date.
Under the proposed legislation, the driver may take their hands off the steering wheel for delayed periods and permit the ALKS and adaptive cruise control to take over the driving of the vehicle. In any case, drivers should stay alert, and be prepared to take over control within 10 seconds when cautioned by the system.
Further, if a driver fails to react to the alert, the vehicle will automatically enlighten its danger lights while easing back down.
Nonetheless, Thatcham Research, which crashes tests of cars for security body Euro NCAP, cautioned against defining ALKS and adaptive cruise control systems as ‘self-driving.
The UK’s Automobile Association (AA) additionally stayed guarded on the proposed legislation.
“Without doubt vehicle safety technology can save lives, but we shouldn’t be in a race to take drivers’ hands off the wheel,” said AA president, Edmund King.
“There are still gaps in how this technology detects and stops if the vehicle is involved in a collision. There are still question marks over how drivers will be fully informed about how these systems work. More needs to be done to rigorously test these systems before they are used on UK roads.”
How do automated lane-keeping systems work?
The system differs between manufacturers, yet for the most part, includes the use of cameras and sensors to keep a vehicle moving in its lane without hitting other street clients.
Likewise referred to as ‘lane assist’, the technology has complete control of the lateral (left and right) and longitudinal (forward and back) movements of the vehicle.
Is the technology safe?
The Government claims it can “improve road safety by reducing human error”.
The system additionally requires a driver to have the option to reclaim control within 10 seconds if an issue is identified. On the off chance that the driver fails to react, the vehicle will slow down, its risk lights will start flashing and its infotainment system will turn off.
Does this mean drivers could escape their seats and leave the car to drive?
Somebody should be in the driver’s seat, with their seatbelt fastened, for the system to work.
Worries about autonomous vehicles have been raised for the current month, as two men were killed on 17 April when a Tesla Model S collided with a tree in Texas. Notwithstanding, police believe nobody was in the driver’s seat when the crash happened, and Tesla supervisor Elon Musk composed on Twitter that “data logs recovered so far show Autopilot was not enabled”.
Recently, the German government declared it was currently in the process of drafting legislation that would take into consideration the use of Level Four autonomous driving technology on public streets by 2022.