Google Doodle celebrates Japanese educator Umeko Tsuda (津田 梅子), a pioneer in education for women in Meiji period Japan, on November 10, 2020.
Who was Umeko Tsuda (津田 梅子)?
Born as Tsuda Ume (つだ・うめ) on December 31, 1864, in the Ushigome neighborhood of Edo (present Minami, Shinjuku) in Japan. She was a Japanese educator, Christian, and pioneer in education for women in the Meiji period Japan.
Initially named Tsuda Ume, with mume or ume referring to the Japanese plum, she passed by the name Ume Tsuda while studying in the United States before changing her name to Umeko in 1902.
Under Kuroda’s sponsorship, Tsuda Ume was volunteered by her dad as one of five women members from the Iwakura mission. At six years old, she was additionally the most youthful individual from the expedition. She showed up in San Francisco in November 1871 and stayed in the United States as a student until she was 18 years of age.
From December 1871, Umeko Tsuda lived in Washington, D.C. with Charles Lanman (the secretary of Japanese legation), and his wife Adeline. As they had no children, they welcomed her like their own kid.
Under the name of Ume Tsuda, she went to the middle-class Georgetown Collegiate School, where she learned English. After graduating, she got awards in composition, writing, arithmetic, and deportment.
After graduating, Umeko Tsuda (津田 梅子) entered the Archer Institute, which obliged the daughters of politicians and bureaucrats. She dominated in language, math, science, and music, particularly the piano.
Notwithstanding English, Umeko Tsuda likewise studied Latin and French. Around one year in the wake of showing up in the United States, Tsuda requested to be immersed as a Christian. Even though the Lanmans were Episcopalians, they decided she ought to go to the nonsectarian Old Swedes Church.
When Umeko Tsuda came back to Japan in 1882, she had nearly forgotten Japanese, her native language, which caused brief troubles. Tsuda was recruited by Itō Hirobumi to be a tutor for his children.
In 1885, Tsuda Umeko at that point started to work in a girls’ school for the girls of the kazoku peerage, known as Peeresses’ School, yet she was not satisfied by the limitation of educational opportunities, school policy that education was expected to polish girls as women and train them to be devoted spouses and great moms.
Umeko Tsuda (津田 梅子) was aided in 1888 by a companion from her days in America, Alice Bacon, 1888. She decided to re-visitation the United States.
Tsuda Umeko came back to the United States and gone to Bryn Mawr College in Philadelphia from 1889 to 1892, where she studied biology and education. She likewise learned at St Hilda’s College, Oxford.
During her second remain in the United States, Tsuda Umeko decided that other Japanese women ought to have the opportunity to study abroad too. She made various public speeches about Japanese women’s education and raised $8,000 in funds to set up a scholarship for Japanese women.
After coming back to Japan, Tsuda Ume once again taught at Peeresses’ School, as well as at Tokyo Women’s Normal School, her salary was 800 yen and her post was the highest accessible to women of her period.
In 1900, with the assistance of her companions Princess Ōyama Sutematsu and Alice Bacon, she established the Joshi Eigaku Juku (女子英学塾, Women’s Institute for English Studies) situated in Kōjimachi, Tokyo to give the equivalent opportunity to a liberal arts education for all women paying little heed to parentage.
Tsuda later changed her name to Umeko Tsuda (津田 梅子) in 1902. Tsuda became the first president of the Japanese branch of the Tokyo YWCA in 1905.
In January 1919, she retired to her summer cottage in Kamakura, where she died after a long sickness on August 16, 1929, at aged 64.
On November 10, 2020, Google Doodle, delineated by Japan-based visitor artist Kano Nakajima, observes Umeko Tsuda. Google Doodle illustration recognizes the day in 1915, the Japanese government awarded Umeko Tsuda (津田 梅子) the prestigious Order of the Precious Crown for her accomplishments in women’s education.